Fundamentals of Data Structures for SPPU 19 Course (SE - III - Comp/AI&DS - 210242) (Decode)

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Syllabus Fundamentals of Data Structures- (210242) Credit Scheme Examination Scheme and Marks 03 Mid_Semester (TH) : 30 Marks End_Semester (TH) : 70 Marks Unit I Introduction to Algorithm and Data Structures Introduction : From Problem to Program (Problem, Solution, Algorithm, Data Structure and Program). Data Structures : Data, Information, Knowledge, and Data structure, Abstract Data Types (ADT), Data Structure Classification (Linear and Non-linear, Static and Dynamic, Persistent and Ephemeral data structures). Algorithms : Problem Solving, Introduction to algorithm, Characteristics of algorithm, Algorithm design tools: Pseudo-code and flowchart. Complexity of algorithm : Space complexity, Time complexity, Asymptotic notation- Big-O, Theta and Omega, finding complexity using step count method, Analysis of programming constructs-Linear, Quadratic, Cubic, Logarithmic. Algorithmic Strategies : Introduction to algorithm design strategies- Divide and Conquer, and Greedy strategy. (Chapter - 1) Unit II Linear Data Structure Using Sequential Organization Concept of Sequential Organization, Overview of Array, Array as an Abstract Data Type, Operations on Array, Merging of two arrays, Storage Representation and their Address Calculation : Row major and Column Major, Multidimensional Arrays : Two-dimensional arrays, n-dimensional arrays. Concept of Ordered List, Single Variable Polynomial : Representation using arrays, Polynomial as array of structure, Polynomial addition, Polynomial multiplication. Sparse Matrix : Sparse matrix representation using array, Sparse matrix addition, Transpose of sparse matrix- Simple and Fast Transpose, Time and Space tradeoff. (Chapter - 2) Unit III Searching and Sorting Searching : Search Techniques-Sequential Search/Linear Search, Variant of Sequential Search- Sentinel Search, Binary Search, Fibonacci Search, and Indexed Sequential Search. Sorting : Types of Sorting-Internal and External Sorting, General Sort Concepts-Sort Order, Stability, Efficiency, and Number of Passes, Comparison Based Sorting Methods-Bubble Sort, Insertion Sort, Selection Sort, Quick Sort, Shell Sort, Non-comparison Based Sorting Methods-Radix Sort, Counting Sort, and Bucket Sort, Comparison of All Sorting Methods and their complexities. (Chapter - 3) Unit IV Linked List Introduction to Static and Dynamic Memory Allocation, Linked List : Introduction, of Linked Lists, Realization of linked list using dynamic memory management, operations, Linked List as ADT, Types of Linked List : singly linked, linear and Circular Linked Lists, Doubly Linked List, Doubly Circular Linked List, Primitive Operations on Linked List-Create, Traverse, Search, Insert, Delete, Sort, Concatenate. Polynomial Manipulations-Polynomial addition. Generalized Linked List (GLL) concept, Representation of Polynomial using GLL. (Chapter - 4) Unit V Stack Basic concept, stack Abstract Data Type, Representation of Stacks Using Sequential Organization, stack operations, Multiple Stacks, Applications of Stack- Expression Evaluation and Conversion, Polish notation and expression conversion, Need for prefix and postfix expressions, Postfix expression evaluation, Linked Stack and Operations. Recursion - concept, variants of recursion- direct, indirect, tail and tree, backtracking algorithmic strategy, use of stack in backtracking. (Chapter - 5) Unit VI Queue Basic concept, Queue as Abstract Data Type, Representation of Queue using Sequential organization, Queue Operations, Circular Queue and its advantages, Multi-queues, Linked Queue and Operations. Deque - Basic concept, types (Input restricted and Output restricted), Priority Queue- Basic concept, types (Ascending and Descending). (Chapter - 6)

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Pages: 176 Edition: 2023 Vendors: Technical Publications