# Dynamics of Machinery for SPPU 19 Course (BE - SEM VII - MECH - 402042)

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Unit 1 : Balancing Static and dynamic balancing, balancing of rotating masses in single and several planes, primary and secondary balancing of reciprocating masses, balancing in single cylinder engines, balancing in multi-cylinder in-line engines, direct and reverse cranks method -radial and V engines. Introduction to Balancing machines - Types, Classification and Methods. (Chapters - 1, 2) Unit 2 : Gyroscope Introduction, Precessional angular motion, Gyroscopic couple, Effect of gyroscopic couple on an airplane, Effect of gyroscopic couple on a naval ship during steering, pitching and rolling, Stability of a Four Wheel drive moving in a curved path, Stability of a two wheel vehicle taking a turn, Effect of gyroscopic couple on a disc fixed rigidly at a certain angle to a rotating shaft. (Chapter - 3) Unit 3 : Single Degree of Freedom Systems - Free Vibration Fundamentals of Vibration : Elements of a vibratory system, vector representation of S.H.M., degrees of freedom, Introduction to Physical and Mathematical modeling of vibratory systems: Bicycle, Motor bike and Quarter Car. types of vibration, equivalent stiffness and damping, formulation of differential equation of motion (Newton, D’Alembert and energy method) Un-damped free vibrations: Natural frequency for longitudinal, transverse and torsional vibratory systems. Damped free vibrations : Different types of damping, Viscous damping - over damped, critically damped and under damped systems, initial conditions, logarithmic decrement, Dry friction or coulomb damping - frequency and rate of decay of oscillations. (Chapters - 4, 5) Unit 4 : Single Degree of Freedom Systems - Forced Vibrations Forced vibrations of longitudinal and torsional systems, Frequency Response to harmonic excitation, excitation due to rotating and reciprocating unbalance, base excitation, magnification factor, Force and Motion transmissibility, Quality Factor. Half power bandwidth method, Critical speed of shaft having single rotor of un-damped systems. (Chapters - 6, 7) Unit 5 : Two Degree of Freedom Systems - Undamped Vibrations Free vibration of spring coupled systems - longitudinal and torsional, torsionally equivalent shafts, natural frequency and mode shapes, Eigen value and Eigen vector by Matrix method, Combined rectilinear and angular motion, Vibrations of Geared systems. (Chapters - 8, 9) Unit 6 : Measurement and Control of Vibrations, Introduction to Noise A) Measurement : Vibration Measuring Instruments, Accelerometers, Impact hammer, Vibration shakers, Vibration Analyzer, Vibration based condition monitoring, Analysis of Vibration Spectrum, Standards related to measurement of vibration. B) Control : Vibration control methods - passive, semi active and active vibration control, control of excitation at the source, control of natural frequency, Vibration isolators, Tuned Dynamic Vibration Absorbers. C) Noise : Fundamentals of noise, Sound concepts, Decibel Level, Logarithmic addition, subtraction and averaging, sound intensity, noise measurement, Noise control at the Source, along the path and at the receiver, Reverberation chamber, Anechoic Chamber, Noise standards. (Unit VI - Only theoretical treatment). (Chapters - 10, 11, 12)

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