The knowledge of switchgear and apparatus protection plays an important role in the power system. The book is structured to cover the key aspects of the course Switchgear & Protection for undergraduate students. The book starts with the discussion of basics of protective relaying. The book includes comprehensive coverage of faults and analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults. The book explains the protection against overvoltage, lightning arresters and power system earthing. The book covers the characteristics of various types of relays such as electromagnetic relays, induction type relays, directional relays, differential relays, thermal relays, frequency relays and negative sequence relays. The detailed discussion of distance relays and static relays is also included in the book. The book also covers the various possible faults and methods of protection of transformers, generators, motors, busbars and transmission lines. The book further explains the theory of circuit interruption and various arc interruption methods. Finally, the book incorporates various types of circuit breakers, circuit breaker ratings and testing of circuit breakers. The book uses plain and lucid language to explain each topic. The book provides the logical method of explaining the various complicated topics and stepwise methods to make the understanding easy. Each chapter is well supported with necessary illustrations and self-explanatory diagrams. The book explains the philosophy of the subject which makes the understanding of the concepts very clear and makes the subject more interesting.