UNIT - I INTRODUCTION TO SOFTWARE DEFINED RADIO Definitions and potential benefits, software radio architecture evolution, technology tradeoffs and architecture implications. (Chapter - 1) UNIT - II SDR ARCHITECTURE Essential functions of the software radio, basic SDR, hardware architecture, Computational processing resources, software architecture, top level component interfaces, interface topologies among plug and play modules. (Chapter - 2) UNIT - III INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE RADIOS Marking radio self-aware, cognitive techniques - position awareness, environment awareness in cognitive radios, optimization of radio resources, Artificial Intelligence Techniques. (Chapter - 3) UNIT - IV COGNITIVE RADIO ARCHITECTURE Cognitive Radio - functions, components and design rules, Cognition cycle - orient, plan, decide and act phases, Inference Hierarchy, Architecture maps, Building the Cognitive Radio Architecture on Software defined Radio Architecture. UNIT - V NEXT GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKS The XG Network architecture, spectrum sensing, spectrum management, spectrum mobility, spectrum sharing, upper layer issues, cross - layer design.